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Anxiety & secondary trauma exposure, work-life balance issues

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Scope of the issues
Sharon- anxiety & secondary trauma exposure, work-life balance issues
Derrick- family gender role issues, male masculinity issues, depression
Jason- Queer, suicidal ideation
The Smith family has various issues within its familial system that are going on. Sharon the mother is always on call and is having a difficult time managing her work life balance. She is also suffering from anxiety and exposure to secondary trauma at work.

Studies show a “positive relationship between work–life balance and life satisfaction” (Noda, 2020). Studies also revealed that working numerous overtime hours was related to work-family conflict. Having control of working time can help families maintain their work-family life balance (Noda, 2020). Good work-life balance leads to better life satiation. Life satisfaction leads to better overall health (Noda, 2020). Women who work full time out of the home have been shown to have higher levels of anxiety.

Failing to find a work-life balance can also lead to burnout (Séjourné, Sanchez-Rodriguez, Leboullenger, & Callahan, 2018). Sharon needs to better manage her work-life balance as well as indulge more into self-care. Social workers in particular have higher levels of anxiety. One study showed that 88% of social worker participants experienced general anxiety and stress (Mavridis, Harkness, Super, & Liu, 2019). Sharon can manage her stress and anxiety by making efforts to “promote self-care, seek support, allocating better time management, mentally reframing from secondary trauma, pursuing personal interests, and taking care of her physical health” (Mavridis, Harkness, Super, & Liu, 2019).

Derick has been experiencing depression due to being a stay at home father and husband. He is being made fun of by his male peers. He was raised to be the person to financially support his family. Derik is having gender role and male masculinity issues. There are stigmatism associated with being a stay at home dad. The stigmatism comes from, family, friends, employees, coworker…etc. The stigmatism can also come from the men themselves who have chosen to stay at home, and who are self-conscious (Dunham, 2003). Men who stay at home face many challenges including, lack of support, isolation, and depression.

Stay at home men often loose support from family member due to their negative feelings associated with men staying at home. Men who stay at home can become isolated because of the stigmatisms they experience with other parents who stay at home who are primarily women (Cider, 2020). They don’t have access to many parent groups that are males, and even if they did they don’t feel comfortable making a connection (Cider, 2020). Many men who have chosen to stay at home experience high level of depressive symptoms. It’s very important that stay at home dads have good communication with their spouse as well as being able to connect with them (Davis, Haberlin, Smith, Smith & Wolgemuth, 2020).

Stay at homes dads are less likely to obtain mental health services due to the stigmatisms associated with male masculinity (Davis, Haberlin, Smith, Smith & Wolgemuth, 2020). There is not a lot of evidenced based research in regards to the mental health needs of stay at home dads (Davis, Haberlin, Smith, Smith & Wolgemuth, 2020). It’s very important that stay at home dads have support, open communication with their partners, strong connections with their partners, and clear expectations of their role within the familial system (Davis, Haberlin, Smith, Smith & Wolgemuth, 2020).

Jason who is 13 years old, is queer, involved in many sports, and does well academically. Socially he has friends but they make fun of him because he is queer. Jason does not have the support of his family and unbeknownst to his parents, has been having suicidal ideations. Research shows that suicidal ideation amongst LGBTQ individuals is due to poor family support, isolation from family and friends, and being the victims of bullying (National LGBT Health Education Center, 2018). Studies have shown that suicide risk is the highest amongst LGBT individuals during their teen years up into their 20’s. LGBT teens are 4.5 more times likely to attempt comminuting suicide than their non LGBT classmates. (National LGBT Health Education Center, 2018).

Jason needs to have a safe and supportive relationship with is parents. Jason needs to have a supportive network outside of the home. He also needs to have “access to and use of LGBTQ inclusive medical and mental health” (National LGBT Health Education Center, 2018)
Using the case study provide an engagement and assessment for the family. Also provide some literature view,

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