Compare the sadness that Gilgamesh feels for Enkidu to the grief of Achilles for Patroclus.
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Please write a five-page paper in response to ONE of the following prompts. You must use at least three direct quotations from the Iliad in your essay. You must also reference at least three academic, secondary sources in your paper.
Explore the nature of justice in one work of ancient literature (either the Epic of Gilgamesh or the Hebrew Bible) and in the Iliad. How are the gods involved with justice in each one? What is the role of humankind?
Compare the sadness that Gilgamesh feels for Enkidu to the grief of Achilles for Patroclus. Be sure to use quotations from the text when making that comparison. Be sure to draw a conclusion from your comparison.
Explore the nature of Achilles’ rage, but don’t re-tell what happens in the poem; assume I know that already! Instead, analyze how and why Achilles’ rage is related to his character, to his status, to the Greek heroic code, or to his understanding of his relationships with others. Analyze the purpose of his rage and what ultimately resolves his anger.
Explore the nature of death and its relationship to immortality in the Iliad. One approach to this question is to interrogate how Achilles’ understanding of death changes throughout the poem. Another might be to examine a character like Hector or Patroclus and to compare each character’s approach to death, fame, and immortality.
Read the excerpt on “moral injury” from Dr. Shay’s work with veterans, available as optional reading in Week 3 and attached here as well. Analyze Achilles with reference to this framework of thinking; you might, for example, think about Achilles’ rage as a response to moral injury. This is a challenging prompt, but one worth considering!
As a reminder, your paper should include the following:
An introductory paragraph that contains both a thesis statement and plan of development
Several body paragraphs providing evidence of your thesis statement.
Use at least three direct quotations from the Iliad and use THREE academic, secondary sources, cited using MLA format. (One of these sources may be the headnote from your textbook, and one should be from the library, leaving only one from the internet. The Iliad itself is not a secondary source.)
A conclusion for your argument (one short paragraph)
A Works Cited page
Be sure to cite any work you reference in your paper; failure to cite violates our College’s rules about academic honesty.
You must use only library sources.
You may not cite homework sites, such as SparkNotes, cliff notes, shmoop, or any other “paper helper” source.
You may not cite anonymous sources, such as a website without a byline or a Wikipedia entry.