Swamped with your writing assignments? Take the weight off your shoulder!
1. List the reference for the article in APA format (see sample below). Do not copy the reference
section at the end. Put the reference for the article you read into APA format. This is practice for
creating a reference section for your own paper.
2. Can you use the title of the study to identify the independent and dependent variables? (Many
titles are in this format: “The effects of IV on the DV.”) If you cannot use the title to identify the
independent and Dependent variables, please identify them from the introduction section.
Describe the independent and dependent variables in the article. Describe the operational
definitions of the independent and dependent variables, that is explain how the variables are
measured or recorded.
3. What did you learn from the introduction section? What is the historical background of the
research topic? Which earlier research findings are given as most relevant to this study? What
theoretical explanations are emphasized in this section? What are the main hypotheses of the
present study? Summarize the relevant research studies in the introduction, including the
4. What did you learn from the methods section? Who were the subjects? What procedures (e.g.,
apparatus, directions, assessment tools) were used? Describe in detail the methodology used in
the present study.
5. What did you learn from the results section? What kinds of statistical procedures were used?
What did you learn from charts, frequency tables, and bar graphs? What results did the authors
say were statistically significant? Summarize the results of the study.
6. What did you learn from the discussion section? How did the authors interpret their results?
Did they provide alternative explanations? Did they talk about the limitations of the present
research study? What future research studies were suggested? Describe in detail the discussion
7. What did you think about the article? Explain.
8. Can you design a similar study on this topic? Explain what you thought about and how you
might design a similar study.