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Biology homework help

For the first reply: You will respond to another classmate with a substantive co

For the first reply:
You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum 100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post in text in parentheses, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.
Due by 11:59PM ET Saturday, on any day of the week other than the day you posted your main discussion and second comment, to meet the minimum three day posting requirement.
For the second reply:
You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum 100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post in text, in parentheses, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.
Post One
I decided to write my discussion on the emergence of the Zika virus. What is Zika and how is it transmitted? Zika virus is an infection that is passed by mosquitoes.  Zika was first discovered inside monkeys in 1947 by scientists studying yellow fever in the Zika forest (WHO, 2016). The majority of people who are infected with zika may be asymptomatic. If you do develop symptoms, you may have a fever, rash, headaches, joint pains, redness in the eyes, and muscle pains.  The correct way to diagnose zika is by using PCR (polymerase chain reaction).
The timeline below provided by World Health Organization (2016) shows the countries that were infected by the Zika virus.
1952 the first case of the      zika virus was discovered in Uganda in the republic of Tanzania.
1969- 1983 Zika expanded      into countries such as Asia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Pakistan.      Zika was discovered in mosquitoes.
2007 spreads from Africa      and Asia and cause a large outbreak in the pacific island of Yap.
2013- 2014 the outbreak      continues to spread to throughout the Pacific Island of French Polynesia,      Easter Island, the Cook Island, and New Caledonia 26,27. This outbreak      causes thousands of cases of the zika virus.
2015 Brazil reported cases      to WHO of skin rashes, nearly 7,000 cases of illness. But zika was not      suspected at this stage.
In February of 2016, WHO declares the emergence of the Zika virus has been linked to cases of microcephaly and Guillain- Barre syndrome (GBS), and other neurological disorders. This increase was caused due to the mothers becoming infected by the zika virus. Although zika may not cause every cause of GBS and other brain abnormalities. It was enough to bring attention to public health to take the appropriate measures. One of the guidelines that should be taken if you are pregnant, you should not travel outside of the country. If you are to travel outside of the country it is best for you to have travel insurance.
The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) continues to monitor the zika virus in America and the Caribbean. In January 2022, there were 13 countries reported cases of the zika virus. The following countries are listed below with the number of cases and deaths.
· Bolivia: 173 cases
· Brazil: 29,117 cases (4 deaths)
· Colombia: 138 cases
· Costa Rica: 45 cases
· Guatemala: 1,685 cases
· Honduras: 37 cases
· Mexico: 12 cases
· Nicaragua: 4 cases
· Panama: 3 cases
· Paraguay: 785 cases
· Peru: 20 cases
· Puerto Rico: 20 cases
· Venezuela: 9 cases
WC 497
With the emergence of the zika virus, we all should take the necessary precautions to protect ourselves and our love ones.
The history of  zika virus (no date) World Health Organization. World Health Organization. Available at: https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/the-history-of-zika-virus  (Accessed: February 7, 2016).
Zika (no date) PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization. Available at: https://www.paho.org/en/topics/zika  (Accessed: January 25, 2023).
Post Two
Vibrio Cholera
Cholera bacterial has been around for many centuries, the diarrheal disease came out to prominence in the 19th century, when a devastating outbreak occured in india. Cholera is a critical intestinal infection disease caused by a toxigenic bacterium called vibrio cholerae. Vibrio cholera is classified serologically; there are over hundreads of strains or serogroups of cholera bacteria, only 2 strains of bacteria knwon to cause outbreacks and epidemics ( vibrio cholerae 01 and vibrio cholerae 0139) according to World Health Organization ( WHO). Vibrio cholera is highly Motile, gram negative, curve-shapped rod and carries a unipolar flagellum, associates to the family of vibrionaceae. Normally the bacterium vibrio cholerae is found in food or water contaminated with cholera bacteria . The period of incubation can range from 12 hours to about 5 days for symptoms to appear after an individual ingests cholera bacteria. Symptoms begin suddenly with vomiting, comply by an abundant watery feces called secretory diarrhea ( Cowan, M. K.& Smith H. 2021, p668). The voided fluid commonly reffered to as rice water , stools often contains flecks of mucus. Other symptoms include musle cramp, thirst, restlessness or irritability. The symptoms of cholera vary according to the gravity of the disease. Most people infected with the disease experience mild to no symptoms at all, but the infection can be sometimes severe and life-treatening. If the disease left untreated, severe desydratation as a sign of complication can promptly lead to shock, coma and even death as a result of fluid and electrolytes loss. Most cases of cholera can be diagnosed based on clinical suspiscion in people with severe acute watery diarrhea, although, the only way to confirm a diagnosis of vibrio cholera is to identify the presence of bacteria 01 oe 0139 in a stool sample. Since cholera is most commonly transmitted throuh ingestion of contaminated food and water, a good and safe hygiene include whashing hands often, drinking clean water, eating well cooked food can help prevent the spread of the disease. Rehydratation oral or intraveinous is the main treatment for cholera following with antibiotic for severely ill patients according to Centers for disease control (CDC).
W,C: 355
References:
Cowan, M. K. & Smith H. (2021). Microbiology: A System Approach. New York, NY. McGraw Hill Education.
WHO (2014) Cholera Fact Sheet No. 107. February 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization 
Center for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC,2022)

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Biology homework help

   Introduction: The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that he

  
Introduction: The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste, and other unwanted substances. The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body.
For this post, you will:
Pick an      organ and explain which lymph node region would be most likely, if any,      for primary cancer in that organ to show lymph node involvement. 
Relate      one part of the anatomy of a lymph node to the potential for a cancer cell      from your organ to be recognized by a white blood cell. Anatomical parts      of the lymph node include: numbers of specific types of white blood cells,      amount or type of connective tissue fibers, trabeculae, numbers of      afferent or efferent vessels, sinuses, nodules, lymph presence.
In      addition to lymph nodes, the lymphatic system also has many vessels (from      smaller collecting vessels through ducts) and other lymphoid tissues      (e.g., MALT, tonsils, thymus, spleen). Pick one of these. If you picked a      lymphatic vessel, compare it to an analogous blood vessel (provide the      name of the blood vessel, for example, the jugular vein or an arteriole)      anatomically. If you picked a lymphoid tissue, compare its structure to a      lymph node.

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Biology homework help

1. Define the following terms: polymorphism, SNP, indel, CNV, homologous site, n

1. Define the following terms: polymorphism, SNP, indel, CNV, homologous site, non-synonymous site, synonymous site.
2. Three populations exist for the coffee-colored oak. The Fst between populations 1 and 2 is 0.03, the Fst between populations 1 and 3 is 0.1. In a few sentences (max three sentences), explain what these numbers mean.

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Biology homework help

   Introduction: The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that he

  
Introduction: The lymphatic system is a network of tissues and organs that help rid the body of toxins, waste, and other unwanted substances. The primary function of the lymphatic system is to transport lymph, a fluid containing infection-fighting white blood cells, throughout the body.
For this post, you will:
Pick an      organ and explain which lymph node region would be most likely, if any,      for primary cancer in that organ to show lymph node involvement. 
Relate      one part of the anatomy of a lymph node to the potential for a cancer cell      from your organ to be recognized by a white blood cell. Anatomical parts      of the lymph node include: numbers of specific types of white blood cells,      amount or type of connective tissue fibers, trabeculae, numbers of      afferent or efferent vessels, sinuses, nodules, lymph presence.
In      addition to lymph nodes, the lymphatic system also has many vessels (from      smaller collecting vessels through ducts) and other lymphoid tissues      (e.g., MALT, tonsils, thymus, spleen). Pick one of these. If you picked a      lymphatic vessel, compare it to an analogous blood vessel (provide the      name of the blood vessel, for example, the jugular vein or an arteriole)      anatomically. If you picked a lymphoid tissue, compare its structure to a      lymph node.

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Biology homework help

analyse the products of hydrolysis of nutrients by enzymes relating this to the

analyse the products of hydrolysis of nutrients by enzymes relating this to the process of 
ingestion
egestion
absorption
digestion

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Biology homework help

1. Define the following terms: polymorphism, SNP, indel, CNV, homologous site, n

1. Define the following terms: polymorphism, SNP, indel, CNV, homologous site, non-synonymous site, synonymous site.
2. Three populations exist for the coffee-colored oak. The Fst between populations 1 and 2 is 0.03, the Fst between populations 1 and 3 is 0.1. In a few sentences (max three sentences), explain what these numbers mean.

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Biology homework help

Examine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl with ADHD. You will be asked to make

Examine Case Study: A Young Caucasian Girl with ADHD. You will be asked to make three decisions concerning the medication to prescribe to this patient. Be sure to consider factors that might impact the patient’s pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic processes.
At each decision point, you should evaluate all options before selecting your decision and moving throughout the exercise. Before you make your decision, make sure that you have researched each option and that you evaluate the decision that you will select. Be sure to research each option using the primary literature.
Introduction to the case (1 page)
Briefly explain and summarize the case for this Assignment. Be sure to include the specific patient factors that may impact your decision making when prescribing medication for this patient.
Decision #1 (1 page)
Which decision did you select?
Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.
Decision #2 (1 page)
Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.
Decision #3 (1 page)
Why did you select this decision? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
Why did you not select the other two options provided in the exercise? Be specific and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature.
What were you hoping to achieve by making this decision? Support your response with evidence and references to the Learning Resources (including the primary literature).
Explain how ethical considerations may impact your treatment plan and communication with patients. Be specific and provide examples.
Conclusion (1 page)
Summarize your recommendations on the treatment options you selected for this patient. Be sure to justify your recommendations and support your response with clinically relevant and patient-specific resources, including the primary literature

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Biology homework help

analyse the products of hydrolysis of nutrients by enzymes relating this to the

analyse the products of hydrolysis of nutrients by enzymes relating this to the process of 
ingestion
egestion
absorption
digestion

Categories
Biology homework help

Many modern-day humans have genes that originally came from Neandertals. In what

Many modern-day humans have genes that originally came from Neandertals. In what ways do you think these genes influenced the evolution of modern-day humans?

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Biology homework help

Many modern-day humans have genes that originally came from Neandertals. In what

Many modern-day humans have genes that originally came from Neandertals. In what ways do you think these genes influenced the evolution of modern-day humans?